June 15, 2024

Arthritis: The joint disorder

Arthritis is derived from the Greek term “disease of the joints.” It is defined as an acute or chronic joint inflammation that often co-exists with pain and structural damage.Arthritis is not synonymous with arthralgia, which refers to pain localized to a joint, regardless of the origin of the pain (which may or may not be due to joint inflammation).More than 100 different types of arthritis have been described. Inflammatory arthritis can occur in several settings, and inflammation can be caused by auto immune processes (rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis,etc.), crystal deposition induced inflammation (gout, pseudogout, basic calcium phosphate disease) or infections (septic arthritis, Lyme's arthritis).  .

Different types

1.      Osteoarthritis(OA):  is achronic, progressive degenerative whole joint disease that affects thearticular cartilage, subchondral bone, ligaments, capsule, and the synovium.

2.      Rheumatoid arthritis(RA): is a autoimmune disorder, occurs whenyour immune system mistake by attacks your own body’s tissue.

Symptoms of arthritis

  1. Pain: Pain from arthritis can be constant, or it may come and go. It may affect only one part or be felt in many parts of the body.
  2. Swelling: In some types of arthritis, the skin over the affected joint becomes red and swollen and feels warm to the touch.
  3. Stiffness: With some types, this is most likely upon waking up in the morning, after sitting at a desk, or after sitting in a car for a long time..
  4. Difficulty moving a joint: If moving a joint or getting up from a chair is hard or painful, this could indicate arthritis or another joint problem.

Treatment :Methotrexate(MTX), Hydroxy chloro quine, Meloxicam, ,Prednisone, Etc.